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Gaff track - Guineas

Don't get bamboozled on a day at the races - use our A-Z jargon buster to help you understand the lingo.

Presenting the letter G . . .

Gaff track
One of the minor racecourses.

Galloping
When a horse is moving at high speed.

Galloping track
A racecourse with long straights and sweeping turns, suiting big, long-striding horses. e.g. Ascot or Newbury.

Newmarket Gallops

Gallops: such as at Newmarket

  PICTURE: Edward Whitaker (racingpost.com/photos) 

Gallops
Training ground on which horses are exercised, usually in the early morning. The major training centres, such as Newmarket (mostly Flat) and Lambourn (mostly jumps) in England, and the Curragh in Ireland, have extensive training grounds that are available to all trainers. Many trainers have private gallops on their own land.

GamCare
The national centre for information, advice and practical help with regard to the social impact of gambling .

Gassy
A term used to describe horses that are highly strung.

Gates
The front section of the starting stalls, which open at the start of a Flat race to release the horses. Used as another term for starting stalls.

Gelding
A male horse who has been castrated. Most male horses who compete over jumps have been gelded, and a Flat horse may be gelded if he is difficult to control or train. Geldings are not allowed to run in some of the top Flat races, such as the Derby, that are important for identifying potential breeding talent.

General Stud Book
Register of all thoroughbred horses, maintained by Weatherbys.

Get the trip
Stay the distance of a race.

Going
The condition of the racing surface. Ranges from heavy to hard.

Turftrax GoingStick

GoingStick: for numerical readings

  PICTURE: Edward Whitaker (racingpost.com/photos) 

GoingStick
A device used by clerks of the course to give an objective numerical reading that will reflect the ground conditions at anygiven racecourse. The lower the reading the softer/slower the ground is, and the higher the reading the firmer/quicker the ground is. The scale ranges from 1 to 15.

Going down
When horses are on their way to the start.

Good money
Money from an informed quarter - stable money, for example - not mug money.

Go through the card
To have the winner of every race at a race meeting, either as a trainer, jockey, tipster or punter.

Graded stakes
A general term for the top American races (broadly equivalent to the Pattern races in Europe).

Grandsire
Grandfather of a horse, on the male side.

Green
Immature, inexperienced.

Group 1 (Flat)/Grade 1 (jumps)
The highest category of race in which a horse can compete. The Classic Flat races in Britain, as well as other historic races such as the Gold Cup at Royal Ascot, are Group 1. The major championship races over jumps, such as the Cheltenham Gold Cup, are Grade 1.

Group/Graded races
These races form the upper tier ofthe racing structure, with Group/Grade 1 the most important, followed by Group/Grade 2 and Group/Grade 3. Group races are run on the Flat; Graded races are run over jumps (the most important Flat races in the United States are also Graded).

Guineas (currency)
A guinea was one pound and one shilling (£1.05 in decimal currency) and, traditionally, the prices of horses sold at public auction were given in guineas. Some sales companies still use guineas, though most have changed to pounds.

Guineas (race)
Shorthand for the 1,000 Guineas and/or 2,000 Guineas. A ‘Guineas horse' is one that is considered capable of running in one of these Classic races.