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Tap-root mare - two-year-old

Don't get bamboozled on a day at the races - use our A-Z jargon buster to help you understand the lingo.

Presenting the letter T . . .

Tap-root mare
A broodmare who is ancestor on the female side of many winners.

Tattersalls (racecourse enclosure)
The enclosure next in status to Members'. Those choosing this enclosure haveaccess to the main betting area and the paddock.

Stallion used to ascertain a mare's receptiveness towards mating before she is introduced to the stallion who will cover her.

A breed of horse used for racing.

The sign language used by bookmakers to communicate changes in betting odds on the racecourse. Tic-tacs wear white gloves and signal the odds to bookmakers using their hands and arms. Some tic-tac terms reflect the sign laguage - for example, 'ear'ole' (6-4), and 'shoulder' (7-4) for which the tic-tac touches his ear and shoulder respectively.

Tight track
A narrow track with tight turns that suits smaller, nippier horses. Examples are Chester on the Flat and Cartmel and Kelso over jumps.

Another, informal term for hurdles.

An on-course bookmaker's forecast of the opening betting odds on a race. Tissue prices are early odds offered before a betting market has been formed. Some punters compile their own tissue in preparation for a race.

Tongue tie
Strip of material tied around a horse's tongue and jaw to keep it from retracting or extending its tongue, which can clog its air passage. A horse wearing a tongue tie is denoted on a racecard by a small t next to the horse's weight (t1 indicates that the horse is wearing a tongue tie in a race for thefirst time).

Tote (company)
Government-owned pool betting company, established in 1929, principally offering tote odds but also fixed odds. Contributes a large sum to racing each year. Full name: the Horserace Totalisator Board.

Tote (betting)
Introduced in Britain in 1929 to offer pool betting on racecourses. All the stakes on a particular bet are pooled, before a deductionis made to cover the Tote's costs and contribution to racing. The remainder of the pool is divided by the number of winning units to give a dividend that is declared inclusive of a £1 stake. Odds fluctuate according to the pattern of betting and betting ceases when the race starts.

A three-leg accumulator. All three selections must be successful to get a return; the winnings from the first selection automatically go on to the second and then on to the third.

Another term for the distance of a race. When a horse has the stamina for a certain distance, it is said to ‘stay/get the trip'

Triple Crown
In Britain, for colts the Triple Crown comprises the 2,000 Guineas, the Derby and the St Leger; for fillies, the 1,000 Guineas, the Oaks and the St Leger. Winning all three races is a rare feat, last achieved by a colt (Nijinsky) in 1970 and by a filly (Oh So Sharp) in 1985. The American Triple Crown comprises the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes (the last horse to win all three was Affirmed in 1978).

Multiple bet consisting of four bets involving three selections in different events. The bet includes three doubles and one treble. A minimum of two selections mustbe successful to get a return.

Turned out
1) Racecourses often have a 'best turned out' award for the horse adjudged to have been presented in the most attractive way. 2) A racehorse that is taking a break from racing/training and is allowed out in a field is said to have been 'turned out'.

Turn of foot
A horse's ability to accelerate in the closing stages of a race. A horse with a 'good turn of foot' has good finishing speed.

Every horse officially turns two on January 1, at the start of the second full calendar year following its birth, irrespective of its birth date - e.g. a horse born in April 2008 will turn two on January 1, 2010.
Two-year-old horses are also known as juveniles, and this is the first age at which horses are allowed to compete on the Flat (the youngest racing age over jumps is three years old).